Fruit encyclopedia

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An A-Z of fruit that you can grow on your allotment or vegetable patch.

The plants are divided up into the main categories.

Rosaceae family
(Temperate fruits).

The pome fruits:
Apple and crabapple (Malus)
Chokeberry also called cooking apple (Aronia)
Hawthorn (Crataegus and Rhaphiolepis)
Serviceberry or saskatoon (Amelanchier)
Loquat (Eryobotrya japonica)
Medlar (Mespilus germanica)
Pear, European and Asian species (Pyrus)
Quince (Cydonia oblonga and Chaenomeles)
Rowan (Sorbus)
Service tree (Sorbus domestica), bears a fruit known as a sorb or sorb apple
Rose hip, the fruitlike base of roses (Rosa); used mostly for jams and herbal tea
Shipova (× Sorbopyrus auricularis)

The stone fruits, drupes of genus Prunus:

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca or Armeniaca vulgaris)
Cherry, sweet, sour, and wild species (Prunus avium, P. cerasus, and others)
Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
Plum, of which there are several domestic and wild species; dried plums are called prunes
Peach (of the normal and white variety) and its variant the nectarine (Prunus persica)
Hybrids of the preceding species, such as the pluot, aprium and peacotum
Greengage, a cultivar of the plum


Bramble fruits

Blackberry, of which there are many species and hybrids, such as dewberry, boysenberry, olallieberry and loganberry (genus Rubus)
Raspberry, several species (genus Rubus)
Cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus)
Wineberry (Rubus phoenicolasius)
Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis)
Loganberry (Rubus loganobaccus)
Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus)

The true berries

Bearberry (Arctostaphylos spp.)
Bilberry or whortleberry (Vaccinium spp.)
Blueberry (Vaccinium spp.)
Crowberry (Empetrum spp.)
Cranberry (Vaccinium spp.)
Huckleberry (Vaccinium spp.)
Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)
Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo), not to be confused with the Strawberry (Fragaria)

Other berries
Açaí (Euterpe), a palm fruit native to the Amazon region
Barberry (Berberis; Berberidaceae)
Currant (Ribes spp.; Grossulariaceae), red, black, and white types
Elderberry (Sambucus; Caprifoliaceae)
Gooseberry (Ribes spp.; Grossulariaceae)
Hackberry (Celtis spp.; Cannabaceae)
Honeysuckle: the berries of some species (called honeyberries) are edible, others are poisonous (Lonicera spp.; Caprifoliaceae)
Mayapple (Podophyllum spp.; Berberidaceae)
Nannyberry or sheepberry (Viburnum spp.; Caprifoliaceae)
Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium; Berberidaceae)
Sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides; Elaeagnaceae)
Sea Grape (Coccoloba uvifera; Polygonaceae)
Wolfberry (Lycium barbarum, Lycium spp.; Solanaceae)
Mulberry (Morus spp.; Moraceae)

Mediterranean and subtropical fruits
Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas; Cornaceae)
Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera; Arecaceae)
Fig (Ficus spp. Moraceae)
Sycamore fig (Ficus sycomorus. Moraceae) also called old world sycomore or just sycomore.
Grape, called raisin, sultana, or currant when it is dried.
(Vitis spp.; Vitaceae)Jujube (Ziziphus zizyphus; Rhamnaceae)
Black mulberry (Morus nigra; Moraceae)
Olive (Olea europea; Oleaceae)
Pomegranate (Punica granatum; Punicaceae)
Lemon Pomelo (also known as the shaddock) (Citrus maxima)
Citron (Citrus medica)
Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi)
Lemon (Citrus limon)
Key Lime (Citrus aurantifolia)
Persian lime Also known as tahiti lime.
Kaffir lime (Citrus hystix)
Mandarin (Citrus reticulata),
Clementine (Citrus reticulata var. Clementine),
Tangerine, and similar
Orange, of which there are sweet (Citrus sinensis) and sour (Citrus aurantium) species
Hybrids of the preceding species, such as the Orangelo, Tangelo, Rangpur and Ugli fruit

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